Home About Contact Us Almond Valley Heritage Centre

Search Help

 

Process, Practice & Impact classification:

The following processes, practices and impacts relate to key technical and commercial activities of the Scottish shale oil industry or are associated with the community and environmental impact of their operations :

1.3 - Crude Oil Production
Production of crude shale oil was the first stage in the manufacture of a variety of products. Shale arriving from the mines was fed through a breaker and crushed into small blocks before being fed into retorts where it was exposed to gradually increasing temperatures from 270 to 1800 ยบ F. Steam was then introduced and eventually the hydrocarbons in the oil shale were converted to gases. The gases were drawn off to atmospheric condensers where the first distillates of ammoniacal liquor, scrubber naphtha and the crude oil appeared. The waste or spent shale was then transported from the retorts to waste tips or bings

1 - Technical Processes (6 Items)
1.1 - Shale Geology & Mineral Prospecting
1.1.1 - Geological Maps & Publications (86 Items)
1.1.2 - Mineral & Fossil Specimens (591 Items)
1.1.3 - Geologist & Prospector's Equipment (1 Items)
1.1.4 - Annotated Maps & Bore Data (132 Items)
1.2 - Shale Mining
1.2.1 - Underground Mining Plans (178 Items)
1.2.2 - Underground Haulage & Winding (244 Items)
1.2.3 - Underground Machinery & Services (27 Items)
1.2.4 - Underground Hand Tools, Lamps & Graith (102 Items)
1.2.5 - Surface Mine Layout, Buildings & Services (40 Items)
1.2.6 - Opencast Mining & Other Extraction (6 Items)
1.3 - Crude Oil Production
1.3.1 - Retort Design (210 Items)
1.3.2 - Oil Works Layout, Buildings & Services (223 Items)
1.3.3 - Breaking & Handling of Shale (7 Items)
1.3.4 - Disposal of Spent Shale (32 Items)
1.3.5 - Crude Oil Processing (23 Items)
1.3.6 - Ammonium Sulphate Production (7 Items)
1.3.7 - Internal Transport & Storage (47 Items)
1.4 - Oil Refining (1 Items)
1.4.1 - Refinery Layout, Buildings & Services (36 Items)
1.4.2 - Distillation & Fractionation (10 Items)
1.4.3 - Cracking (6 Items)
1.4.4 - Wax Separation & Processing (36 Items)
1.5 - Ancillary Processes
1.5.1 - Acid Production
1.5.2 - Coal Mining (9 Items)
1.5.3 - Candle & Wax Product Production (56 Items)
1.5.4 - Brick Production (5 Items)
1.5.5 - Blaes Sales (7 Items)
1.5.6 - Detergent Production (6 Items)
1.5.7 - Forestry for Pit Props (14 Items)
1.5.8 - Young's Lamps (25 Items)
1.5.9 - Engineering Workshops (15 Items)
1.5.10 - Engineering Industry & Other Suppliers (236 Items)
1.6 - Testing & Quality Control
1.6.1 - Quality Control & Laboratory Processes (249 Items)
1.6.2 - Experimental Plant & Processes (75 Items)
1.6.3 - Professional Journals & Technical Publications (170 Items)