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8 Decline & Closures (c.1919-c.1930)
With the radical changes that followed World War One it became clear that there was no economic future for Scotland’s shale oil industry, which then still employed almost 8,000 people. Closure of oilworks and mines resulted in terrible hardship for the local community, and a tax benefit on home produced road fuels was eventually introduced in an effort to protect the industry. A new cracking plant was installed to convert shale oils to diesel and petrol, which were marketed as “Scotch Oils” to appeal to public patriotism.